Be an actual research study, not a review. An important characteristic of descriptive research relates to the fact that while descriptive research can employ a number of variables, only one variable is required to conduct a descriptive study. It also familiarizes researcher with past results, data sources, and the type of data available. Descriptive research is mainly done when a researcher wants to gain a better understanding of a topic. Survey Method In survey method research, participants answer questions administered through interviews or questionnaires. Since the respondents are in a comfortable environment, the characteristics observed are natural and effective. It includes research related to specific predictions, features or functions of person or group, the narration of facts, etc.
They cover many traits or characteristics of the group. Maybe you want to know if a relationship exists between two things, like how much time a person spends studying for a test and their subsequent grade on that test, so you design a correlational study. Some descriptive studies may be cross-sectional, whereby the researcher has a one-time interaction with the test subjects. When it comes to online surveys, the most common example of exploratory research takes place in the form of open-ended questions. Social research methods: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. The moderator tries to follow a rough outline of issues while at the same time having the comments made by each individual considered in group discussion.
Qualitative Research is primarily exploratory research. Another one is taking the financial sector in to consideration. This artificiality is the essence of the experimental technique, because it provides researchers additional control over the factors they are exploring. This Descriptive research method is different from other researches method because it does not include any prediction and explanation. There are many definitions of the research that is defined as a careful contemplation of study regarding the particular problem or concern using some scientific method. They do not make accurate predictions, and they do not determine cause and effect. In experiments the situations are generally made for testing purposes.
For example, the categorizes the elements. Take a read of this article to understand the differences between exploratory and descriptive research. Or possibly you are not interested in how things are related, or how manipulating one thing affects another - you simply want to observe and describe something in an effort to understand it better. In comparison to personal observations and experiences, scientific research is systematic and usually requires collaboration among researchers. Three main purposes of descriptive studies can be explained as describing, explaining and validating research findings. This makes both recording and data analysis much easier.
The data is often coded to be numerical in nature which allows for less time consuming data analysis. Descriptive Research takes up the bulk of online surveying and is considered conclusive in nature due to its quantitative nature. The two variables are rhetoric and content-based approaches. Its focus is on the discovery of ideas and insights as opposed to collecting statistically accurate data. For the purpose of verification, studies on prevailing conditions can also be repeated to draw trends.
In this approach, find the solution of real-life problems. That is, a relational study assumes that you can first describe by measuring or observing each of the variables you are trying to relate. The aim of descriptive research is not to discover a clear cut, cause-and-effect relationship so much as illustrate the realities of a situation at its surface, leaving the analysis of those facts to the researcher. For instance, if we want to know what percent of the population would vote for a Democratic or a Republican in the next presidential election, we are simply interested in describing something. For example, a cereal brand owner wants to learn if they will receive more sales with their new cereal box design. Say for instance you were interested in learning more about how toddlers from different cultures engage in play activities.
He uses tests as research instrument in gathering the data and Scattergram as the statistical tool used to determine the correlation between X and Y. Husserl : Experience is the source of all knowledge. It is important to emphasize that descriptive research methods can only describe a set of observations or the data collected. It focuses on the discovery of ideas and thoughts. Each serves a different end purpose and can only be used in certain ways. Research May be Obtrusive or Non-Obtrusive Obtrusive research - where the researcher introduces conditions that influence participants.
That is, analysis of the past as opposed to the future. It is most commonly used for further defining company issues, areas for potential growth, alternative courses of action, and prioritizing areas that require statistical research. Descriptive research generally precedes explanatory research. It attempts to gather quantifiable information that can be used to statistically analyze a target audience or a particular subject. Characteristics of Descriptive Research The term descriptive research then, refers to , and that would be conducted on that topic.