In particular types of research, including particle physics, genome sequencing and clinical trials, a paper's author list can run into the hundreds. An indie author makes partnerships that help deliver the best possible book to the most possible readers, trade publishers included. If the student does not deliver, the supervisor may then write the paper and put her or his own name first. For memoirists and other writers working on narrative nonfiction, you can sometimes find yourself off the hook when it comes to platform. I would love to join like-minded authors and learn more about my art. Conditions a , b , and c must all are met.
Thus, autobiographies and biographies can fall under both to inform and to entertain. Attached to either position is the status associated with being the author for correspondence. An that works with a company in planning a from the earliest stage. A that makes a , especially a loan, to a client. Link to this page: Beginning in Boston, they were continued in a Boston suburb, on the shores of Lake George, in a Western New York health resort, in Buffalo, in Nahant; once, twice, and thrice in New York, with reversions to Boston, and summer excursions to the hills and waters of New England, until it seemed that their author had at last said his say, and he voluntarily lapsed into silence with the applause of friends and enemies alike. All those designated as authors should meet all four criteria for authorship, and all who meet the four criteria should be identified as authors.
There are many paths between writer and reader, and any of them can produce gems or crap. Although there are many reasons to write, to persuade, to inform and to entertain represent the three main forms of author's purpose. For example, to express, to surprise, to scare, to describe, etc. Some supervisors put their students first, others put their own names first. Research articles in high energy physics, where the author lists can number in the tens to hundreds, often list authors alphabetically. Litigation against the pharmaceutical company, over health concerns related to use of their drug, brand name Vioxx , revealed examples of ghost authorship.
I worry when authors are overwhelmed with this concept and feel that platform comes first and before the writing. Those reasons are called the author's purpose. Authorship credit should be based only on substantial contributions to a conception and design, or analysis and interpretation of data; and to b drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and on c final revision of the version to be published. Some large multi-author groups designate authorship by a group name, with or without the names of individuals. Stanford University Research Policy Handbook Document 2.
I have written my first novel that contains elements of entertainment, political comment, interspersed with tid-bits of folklore knowledge and tied all together with the thread of a moral lesson in self reliance and personal integrity. Contributors who do not meet all of the above criteria may be included in the Acknowledgment section of the article. In 2015, an article in high-energy physics was published describing the measurement of the mass of the based on collisions in the ; the article boasted 5,154 authors, the printed author list needed 24 pages. If authors request removal or addition of an author after manuscript submission or publication, journal editors should seek an explanation and signed statement of agreement for the requested change from all listed authors and from the author to be removed or added. A key example is ' anonymous publication of , a speculative, pre-Darwinian work on the origins of life and the cosmos. Or a particular title is complex or requires a certain kind of marketing.
They will also be expected as individuals to complete conflict-of-interest disclosure forms. These authorship criteria are intended to reserve the status of authorship for those who deserve credit and can take responsibility for the work. Indie Authors Get Books To Readers in Many Ways Including Trade Publishers Novelist and Director of the , Orna Ross, considers the sometimes confusing question of what exactly distinguishes an indie author from a self-publisher. Please see With thanks for helping to promote this concept and professionalism. Author's Purpose Many different types of writing exist in the world, ranging from classic Shakespearean plays to politicians' speeches to the screenplay treatments that inspired this summer's biggest blockbuster hits. The criteria are not intended for use as a means to disqualify colleagues from authorship who otherwise meet authorship criteria by denying them the opportunity to meet criterion s 2 or 3. Jane, Thank you for this very clear definition of what an author platform is and the distinction about what it is not.
I especially like that you take a clear stance on what a platform … Read more » This post, I think, is truly important, especially for those of us who are fledglings. Life is not a one man show. Platform building is not one size fits all Platform building is an organic process and will be different for every single author. And the real killer was the standard 10% pay to the author. What communities are you a part of? In other branches of knowledge such as economics, business, finance or , it is also usual to sort the authors alphabetically. The following list is not exhaustive, but helps give you an idea of how platform can grow. Groveling at there feet to except me except my work.
Jane has a great article on author platform here. The uses of anonymity in the age of reason. Until recently, it was standard to list the head of a German department or institution as an author on a paper regardless of input. Traditional publishing surrenders most of the control to the publisher. This is usually a longterm process. Or perhaps the supervisor should be satisfied with being corresponding author, regardless of time committed to the project. Between about 1980-2010 the average number of authors in medical papers increased, and perhaps tripled.