These undemocratic polices combined with wartime corruption made the Republic of China Government vulnerable to the Communist threat. Soon after the communist party began spearheading the movement for the spread of communist ideology and for securing a socialist revolution in China. The valiant Chinese people will certainly fight on, even though Japanese imperialism is now exerting its full strength in an all-out offensive and many landlord and big bourgeois elements, such as the overt and covert Wang Ching-weis, have already capitulated to the enemy or are preparing to do so. The above is our analysis of the motive forces of the Chinese revolution. People were put into different classes, and the class of landlords was suppressed. Among the lesser known revolutions, a number of borderline cases have been included which may or may not have been communist revolutions.
In theory, he should have had an easy victory. The peasants produced for themselves not only agricultural products but most of the handicraft articles they needed. Therefore, the landlords, as a class, are a target and not a motive force of the revolution. Mao launched the so-called Cultural Revolution known in full as the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in August 1966, at a meeting of the Plenum of the Central Committee. This caused the revolution to fail to meet the people 's needs. Its economy was largely agricultural, carried by labouring peasants, while its social structures, practices and traditions were more medieval than modern. These critics insist that the entire working class—or at least a large part of it—must be deeply involved and equally committed to the socialist or communist cause in order for a proletarian revolution to be successful.
The Chinese society was hierarchical and the upper classes and mandariers enjoyed higher standard of living. They fully exploited to its advantage, the situation created by Japanese attack on China and the on-going Second World War. Thus they have been able to dump their goods in China, turn her into a market for their industrial products, and at the same time subordinate her agriculture to their imperialist needs. The peasant were made use of as the products and condition of labour were controlled. Although officials in the Truman Administration were not convinced of the strategic importance to the United States of maintaining relations with Nationalist China, no one in the U. The Revolution of 1949 moreover, put China on course of economic reorganization. The compass was invented in China very long ago.
The Opium War, the Movement of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, the Sino-French War, the Sino-Japanese War, the Reform Movement of 1898, the Yi Ho Tuan Movement, the Revolution of 1911, the May 4th Movement, the May 30th Movement, the Northern Expedition, the Agrarian Revolutionary War and the present War of Resistance Against Japan--all testify to the Chinese people's indomitable spirit in fighting imperialism and its lackeys. In China, over 100,000 government enforcers work to censor or block unwanted information from Chinese and foreign websites. Workers were not educated and skilled, and this caused the economy to grow slow. They established measures to transform China into a totalitarian state. The poverty and lack of freedom among the Chinese people are on a scale seldom found elsewhere. But that was only in theory.
He therefore made a deal with Moscow to delay their withdrawal until he had moved enough of his best-trained men and modern material into the region. Since there is no economic basis for social reformism in colonial and semi-colonial China as there is in Europe, the whole proletariat, with the exception of a few scabs, is most revolutionary. In the present War of Resistance, the anti-Japanese democratic political power established in the base areas which are under the leadership of the Communist Party is the political power of the Anti-Japanese National United Front; this is neither a bourgeois nor a proletarian one-class dictatorship, but a joint dictatorship of the revolutionary classes under the leadership of the proletariat. The communists also resorted to propagating their ideas and not only won people to their ideas and not only won people to their side but also enlisted support of Chiang's army. Soviet Support for the Chinese Communists.
They were overthrown by the in 1992. The Communists quickly gained the upper hand, taking over the country while the Nationalists retreated to Taiwan. Despite the victories gained in this war, the corrupt Ching government signed the humiliating Treaty of Tientsin. San Yat Sen in 1929, Chiang Kai-She became the undisputed leader of the Kuomintang. General George Marshall to broker an agreement, by 1946 the two sides were fighting an all-out civil war. They have no political rights.
In 1950, only several months after the establishment of the new country, the government launched the Land Reform Campaign. To this end, they seek to build massive with very large memberships. The emperor reigned supreme in the feudal state, appointing officials in charge of the armed forces, the law courts, the treasury and state granaries in all parts of the county and relying on the landed gentry as the mainstay of the entire system of feudal rule. Chairman Mao and the Communist Party evolved China from an agrarian society to an industrialized nation a short time span through social programs like the Great Leap Forward and Five Year Plan eventually resulting in a Cultural Revolution. The leadership of Mao and the Communist Party, gave further strength to their dreams and efforts.
Wang Hsien-chih organized an uprising in Shantung in A. Given the nature of Chinese society and the present targets and tasks of the Chinese revolution as analysed and defined above, what are the motive forces of the Chinese revolution? Consequently, the anti-Japanese people cannot but regard these big bourgeois elements who have betrayed our national interests as one of the targets of the revolution. What will the socialist factors be? The two collude with each other in oppressing the Chinese people, and imperialism is the foremost and most ferocious enemy of the Chinese people, because national oppression by imperialism is the more onerous. From our analysis in the third section of Chapter I, we know that present-day Chinese society is a colonial, semi-colonial and semi-feudal society. The pro-European and pro-American big bourgeoisie the die-hards are wavering more and more, even though they are still in the anti-Japanese camp, and they are playing the double game of simultaneously resisting Japan and opposing the Communist Party. In addition to annexing territory, they exacted huge indemnities.