Inconsistencies in the relationship between leadership traits and leadership effectiveness eventually led scholars to shift paradigms in search of new explanations for effective leadership. Managing change is perhaps the ultimate leadership challenge. Different leadership styles may be called for depending on the degree of existing goal congruence in an organization. Knowledge and skills contribute directly to the process of leadership, while the other attributes give the leader certain characteristics that make him or her unique. Concepts of Leadership I used to think that running an organization was equivalent to conducting a symphony orchestra. It also means you will share with them the responsibility of making decisions within the company. Although some managers are able to influence followers to work toward the achievement of organizational goals, the conferring of formal authority on a manager does not necessarily make that individual a leader.
When Welch originally looked at his managers, he felt that they were managing too closely, not giving employees enough latitude to make decisions on their own within a framework. Any leader worth their salt should periodically spend some time reviewing what management techniques they use and how effective they consider their leadership style to be. Hence their effectiveness can impact how the organization performs in a quarter, half or whole year. Team members feel a part of something larger and meaningful and so are motivated to by more than just a financial reward. A manager, although in tune with the big picture, must continue to look at the micro picture, what's going on right in his or her area. Group members have more positive feelings, however, and no hostility. Concept of leadership He is designated by the term of leadership to the process of influencing the beliefs, values and actions of others and support them so they work enthusiastically in the achievement of the common objectives of the group to which they belong.
Empowerment The project leaders should think of the strategy as a learning process; with an understanding of what they can be best at. The right thing to do may not always follow protocol to the letter. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 3 7 , 258-264. Definition of Management The word management is a combination of four terms, i. These two are different concepts with overlap.
An individual can be a great leader but not a manager. This leadership theory focuses on the actions of leaders not on intellectual qualities or internal states. It has been observed that groups under these types of leadership perform differently: § Autocratically led groups will work well so long as the leader is present. By the time a member of the team is getting a task to complete, their work is as simple as carrying out a few simple instructions and not thinking too hard about what it is they are doing. A leader must influence change by providing a sense of direction.
The importance is related to the career growth of an individual aspiring to step up in the management ladder of the organization. When a leader delegates, they have already done much of the legwork. Conversely, an ineffective leader does not contribute to organizational progress and can, in fact, detract from organizational goal accomplishment. In human behavior — its hard to like someone whom we have no contact with, and we tend to seek out those we like. A leader, on the other hand, must have the ability to influence other team members. Values reflect the concern the organization has for its employees, customers, investors, vendors, and surrounding community. Leadership works on inspiration and trust among employees; those who do wish to follow their leader may stop at any time.
It was said in an article, , that the most fundamental form of leadership is between two persons, where one may do so little as guide the other. Leadership: Current Theories, Research, and Future Directions. In other words an effective leader should be capable of inspiring and motivating even the most inefficient employees to strive towards attaining the goals of the organization. The leader seeks input, usually to cover blind spots and enhance the depth of understanding of the issue at hand. The purpose of this theoretical debate is to examine the wider context of leadership and its effectiveness towards improving school management.
Leaders also have a tendency to delegate non-essential tasks to lower-level employees. However, the methods can be defined to suit the circumstances of the particular school. The task of the leader is not so easy, should be able to have very good communication and a skill of integration, ability to be a leader to guide and direct, have vision and motivation, and expert in risk taking. Key concepts related to leadership according to Huber 2010 are influence, communication, group process, goal attainment and motivation. My presentation is for academic purposes only.
Each team comprises of a leader who is appointed on the basis of merit cum seniority. In a situation like this, there is a unity of direction as everybody individuals, departments and divisions is working towards the attainment of a common goal. Most importantly, the efforts of group members continue even when the leader is absent. Another definition of the term is found in the dictionary of science behavior that defines leadership as the qualities of ability and personality that allow someone to become a group leader, by controlling all the individuals forming the part. The Road Less Traveled The road map for action is based on what is happening now, so a common understanding of the strategy, what needs to be done, and in what period of time is outlined. The difference is in how you, as a leader and manager, separate the tasks of the two realms - and try to find a way to integrate them at the same time. Skills theory by no means refuses to acknowledge the connection between inherited traits and the capacity to lead effectively, but argues that learned skills, a developed style, and acquired knowledge, are the real keys to leadership performance.