In respect of Hill Tract District Local Government Parishads, the Deputy Commissioners work as ex-officio Secretaries of the Parishad. There are two distinct kinds of local government institution in Bangladesh — one for the rural areas and another for urban areas. In these, from 1982 to 1991 the Members of Parliament were not allowed to have any influential role. The President is the head of state, a ceremonial post elected by the parliament. A Thana Council consisted of elected representatives as well as official members. But Chairmen and Vice Chairmen of the Municipalities continued to be elected indirectly by the popularly elected commissioners. Gram Sarkar in place of Gram Parishad has been introduced.
The chairmen of the three Hill District Local Government Parishads are elected from among the tribal people. The bills for Gram Parishad and Union Parishads have already approved this. This system Nas later changed and renamed in different regimes from the British period to present Bangladesh as three-tier Union Committee 1885 , two-tier Union Board 11919 , four-tier Union Council 1959 , and Union Parish 1973 Shank, et. Since its Independence, the development planners of Bangladesh have given consideration to the importance of regional balance for integrated national development. Each village had its own council or panchayet.
The history of local government in Bangladesh is extensive, yet it is still struggling for the right structure to work on. Thus, government passed the Bengal Chowkidari Act of 1870. Pargana system was abolished, so was the panchayet system. Under the reorganised set-up, thana was designated as the focal point of administration. As a result, these institutions could not be established as a focal point of development where people would have the power to monitor and control their constituencies.
But the same act provided considerable powers, to the government and local officials to inspect, supervise and control Municipalities and negated the powers of taxation of local level bodies to a large degree. Author has also addressed here some critical issues concerning good local governance, for instance, institutional linkages, inter-governmental relations, structuring local governments' borrowing, local government financial planning and management, gender mainstreaming in local governance, central to the institutional challenges and local government commission etc. But, this structure has failed so far to perform efficiently for two reasons. Since Independence in 1971, successive governments have tried to use the local government system for their own political interest. Growth of municipal administration The Bengal Municipal Act of 1884 was passed during the viceroyalty of Lord Ripon. The British were not interested in any degree of devolution. But, unfortunately, all successive governments in Bangladesh have adopted 'deconcentrated' decen- tralisation policy in order to make sure that they could control the local govern- ment bodies.
The more aware, vigilant and active the community becomes through Its participation In local government bodies, the greater Is the pressure on both local government Institutions and the government authorities to become transparent and responsive Z. Jagadal was the first attempt to create a platform for the nationalists of the country, Professor Syed Ali Ahsan, Shamsul Alam Chowdhury, A. The Pourashava Municipal Parishads and City Corporation Parishads are elected directly by the people. The Act replaced existing Chowkidari, Panchayet and Union Committees by a new body called the Union Board. Resource manipulation Local government bodies have been chronically resource poor in Bangladesh.
I am pleased to make and publish this review as I was one of the two formal reviewers of the manuscript of the book, while the other one of the same was Professor Salahuddin M Aminuzzaman. The prevailing administrative system should reform in order to beneficative service for the man in the street specially who are out of better opportunity. Like its predecessors government also formed a Local Government Commission to suggest viable local bodies based on the principles of local democracy. The non-elected members were appointed by the government and held office at the government's pleasure. Again in 1973, Union Panchayat's name reverted to Union Parishad. Union Committees, consisting of not less than five or more than nine members, were to be elected from among the residents of the union.
The Council elected from amongst its members one chairman and one vice-chairman. The Mayor is the executive head of the Municipal Councils are elected for a span of five years. This provision of guaranteeing women reserved seats expired in April 2001. Naturally, the British as an imperial power had little understanding of and interest in indigenous local self-governing institutions. Meijer and Sings The following are the various decentralization strategies and developments in the local government system after 1971: The Music Period 1972 to 1975 After the independence in 1971, the Miami League government, headed by Sheikh Maximum Raman, brought the following reforms in the local government. The intercensal growth rate of population estimated by using the adjusted population of 1991 census was 2.
The book altogether consists of seven chapters. Union Parishad chairman within the upazila are considered as the members of the porishod. The election resulted in a victory for the Awami League-led grand alliance. Lack of political commitment 8. It authorised the District Magistrate to appoint a panchayet at the village level consisting of five members. Assuming a medium variant of declining fertility and mortality, Bangladesh is expected to reach a population of 141 million by the year 2000 and 185 million by the year 2015. No action has been taken on this report so far.
The chairman would hold the executive authority of the Upazila, while the Parishad members held regulatory and oversight powers. There were provisions for giving allowances to chairmen and vice-chairmen. By the end of the 1920s district boards were functioning under the stewardship of non-official chairmen. This Ordinance and its later amendments retained many of the provisions of the Ordinance of 1976, except for the provision of three woman members to be nominated by the government. The intention of the Government is clear and straightforward. It will distribute central allocation for each local institution and supervise, monitor financial and administrative functions, investigate complaints and contribute recommendations, policy formulation and research. · The Bengal Village Self-Government Act, 1919 provided for the creation of elected union boards with restricted electorates.
Popular participation also assumes importance because of its potential for holding the local government institution accountable to the community. The Seventh Jatiya Sangsad has approved the formation of the Upazila Parishad. E British colonial administration established local governments through the Local Self-Government Act of 1885 to maximize land revenue collection and maintain law and order. The party is often criticised for violent and consistent oppression of minorities, Hindus, Christians and Buddhists. It meant a slice of self-government for the people.