The Indian food distribution system is highly inefficient. Several studies suggest India could eradicate its hunger and malnutrition and be a major source of food for the world by achieving productivity comparable with other countries. This isn't because of reduced importance of agriculture or a consequence of agricultural policy. Australia is the largest wool producing country in the world. .
India was the world's third largest distributor of coconuts, oranges, eggs, tomatoes and beans in 2009, states Wikipedia. Bhumivargaha, an Indian text, suggested to be 2500 years old, classifies agricultural land into 12 categories: urvara fertile , ushara barren , maru desert , aprahata fallow , shadvala grassy , pankikala muddy , jalaprayah watery , kachchaha contiguous to water , sharkara full of pebbles and pieces of limestone , sharkaravati sandy , nadimatruka watered from a river , and devamatruka rainfed. A Foreign country is importing the large quantity of oil seeds from the India every year. The highest per hectare yield of rice is obtained in Salem and Thanjavur districts of Tamil Nadu; Raichur, Shimoga and Mandya districts in Karnataka; East and West Godavari, Guntur and Krishna districts of Andhra Pradesh; Kashmir Valley of Jammu and Kashmir; and Amritsar and Gurdaspur districts of Punjab. By 2000, Indian farms were adopting wheat varieties capable of yielding 6 tonnes of wheat per hectare.
The annual rate of growth in area under crops during the period 1950-65 was quite substantial. The claimed Chinese and Indian yields have yet to be demonstrated on 7 hectare farm lots and that these are reproducible over two consecutive years on the same farm. It is also grown in several other parts of India. Oil is also extracted from coconut. India has diversity in physiography, climate and soils, therefore, a variety of crops are cultivated.
Moreover, if we compare the average yield per hectare of various crops in India with foreign countries then we find that India lags far behind the other developed countries of the world. It forms the staple food of the poor. Wheat cultivation is generally found in two regions a Punjab, Haryana, north-east of U. Cotton cultivation takes place in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Punjab and Haryana of our country. This causes one of the world's highest food spoilage rates, particularly during monsoons and other adverse weather conditions. But today, especially in the least of developed countries almost all plants are growing for revenue. Further, gross area under all food grains has increased from 99 million hectares in 1949-50 to 118 million hectares in 1964-65 and then to 123.
There has been a sharp decline in per capita grain output as well as grain consumption in the economy as a whole. It is also grown in Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala, Gujarat and Kashmir Valley. India is the second largest producer of sugarcane only after Brazil. In 2008, India was the world's sixth largest producer of marine and freshwater capture fisheries and the second largest aquaculture farmed fish producer. It is made from latex which is emitted from the stems of the plants. Groundnut is highly susceptible to frost, drought, continuous rain and stagnant water. Need for price stabilisation: In view of the rising and fluctuating trends in agricultural prices, there is need for stabilisation of prices of agricultural commodities.
Coffee: Coffee cultivation needs hot and wet climate and fertile sloppy land. India ranks 74 out of 113 major countries in terms of. In 1951, the wheat production was only 6. Moreover, most holdings are small and uneconomic. Pulses include gram, arhar, moong, peas, masoor. Since then, a huge amount of fund was allocated for the development and modernization of this agricultural sector every year. This evolution of taste and demand for sugar as an essential food ingredient unleashed major economic and social changes.
They are alternative to rice as rainfall decreases. They could be evicted any time. Thus the above data reveal that the green revolution and the application of new bio-chemical technology have become very much effective only in case of wheat and potato but proved ineffective in case of other crops. Startups with niche technology and new business models are working to solve problems in Indian agriculture and its marketing. Agricultural marketing problems arose due to the lack of communications, i.
Rice is grown in the plains of north and north-eastern India, coastal areas and the deltaic regions. Coffee plantation is done along hilly slope. The highest quantity of wheat in the country is in Uttar Pradesh. India is the first; in the sugar can cultivate area point of view, in the world. Due to Japanese method of rice cultivation the production of rice has increased, but even then India is just self-sufficient in rice.
The main cereals rice, millets and pulses are still grown chiefly with unimproved seeds. Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu also produce jowar. Tea is a labour-intensive industry. The major sugarcane-producing states are Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Punjab and Haryana. So it is cultivated in southern part of India. In fiscal year ending June 2011, with a normal monsoon season, Indian agriculture accomplished an all-time record production of 85. If tea belongs to north-eastern part, coffee is confined to the south-western part.
Tea is a labour intensive crop and 50% of the labourers are women. Moreover, potato has recorded a considerable increase in annual growth rate from 1. Linseed is grown in the region of Bihar, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and West Bengal. Coffee needs more temperature than tea. In some regions maize, jute and in other regions sugar-cane is produced.