Breaking the orthodox belief to cross the sea and to lose the caste, Rammohan Roy was the first Indian to go to England crossing sea in 1830. The Hindu College and the Vedanta College in Calcutta were a result of this. He successfully campaigned against sati, the practice of burning widows. His most popular journal was the Samvad Kaumudi. The maker of modern India Raj Ram Mohan Roy was born on May 22, 1772, at a time when society was cursed with the iniquities clad in the fabrics of religion. Rammohan championed the cause of English language and western system of education and supported the move of Lord Macaulay. With regard to their trustworthiness, let us look minutely into the conduct of both sexes, and we may be enabled to ascertain which of them is the most frequently guilty of betraying friends.
. If, after instruction in knowledge and wisdom, a person cannot comprehend or retain what has been taught him, we may consider him as deficient; but as you keep women generally void of education and acquirements, you cannot, therefore, in justice pronounce on their inferiority. The central theme of those texts, for Roy, was the worship of the Supreme God who is beyond human knowledge and who supports the universe. Later, especially under the leadership of Debendranath Tagore it became a spiritual home where Indians could practice an ethical monotheism stripped of superstition but within an Indian cultural context. On the basis of the Vedas and Upanishads, he provided a new life to Indian society.
In 1822, he established an English medium Anglo-Hindu School and in 1827, with the support of the Scottish missionary-educator he founded the Anglo-Hindu College. He opposed the heavy export duties imposed on Indian goods. In 2013 a recently discovered ivory bust of Rammohun was displayed, in 2014 his original death mask at Edinburgh was filmed and its history discussed. He paved the way to revolutionizing education system in India by establishing Hindu College in 1817 along with David Hare which later went on to become one of the best educational institutions in the country producing some of the best minds in India. Archived from on 3 July 2015.
Roy supported himself by moneylending, managing his small estates, and speculating in British. It also repudiated the traditional role of the priestly class. For the next two decades this document was regularly added to. During his studies, he was influenced by western culture and education system. His first wife died in childhood.
Brahmo Samaj became one of the most important agents of religious and social change in the nineteenth century India. Many branches were opened in the Punjab, at , , etc. He was survived by his third wife. It gradually reverted to the teaching of the Upanishads but continued the work of social reform. Ram Mohan protested against this control by arguing that newspapers should be free and that the truth should not be suppressed simply because the government did not like it.
It not only discarded meaningless rites and rituals but also forbade idol-worship. William Carey had by this time settled at and the old trio renewed their profitable association. He read the works of philosophers like Euclid and Aristotle which helped shape his spiritual and religious conscience. To report : contactsmudi gmail. He respected the and studied the Sutras. In 1840 Debendranath published a Bangla translation of Katha Upanishad.
Under these circumstances, we instruct them from their early life in the idea of Concremation, holding out to them heavenly enjoyments in company with their husbands, as well as the beatitude of their relations, both by birth and marriage, and their reputation in this world. Rammohan started Champaign against these wrong doings of the Hindu society. In 1815 Roy founded the short-lived Atmiya-Sabha Friendly Society to his doctrines of monotheistic Hinduism. Besides he studied Arabic, Persian and Sanskrit. The dates of his sojourn in both these places is uncertain. New York: Paragon House, 1987.
He campaigned for the education of women and against child marriages. It was built by Dwarkanath Tagore in 1843, ten years after Rammohun Roy's death due to meningitis in Bristol on Sep 27, 1833. Roy continued his religious studies throughout that period. It advocated for the promotion of charity, morality, piety, benevolence, virtue and the strengthening of the bonds of union between man of all religious beliefs. Rammohun countered denouncing his family's practice of sati where widows were burned on their husband's pyres so that they laid no claim to property via the British courts.
The Tattwabodhini decreed that the uncorrupted faith of the original 1830 Trust Deed would be known there as the to distinguish it from the distorted versions of the squabbling factions of Calcutta. Exposure to the preaching of Christian missionaries and to their denunciation of Indian religion and culture as polytheistic, superstitious, idolatrous and irrational led him to re-examine that tradition. Brahmo religious practices were stripped bare of the Hindu ceremonialism and were set up following the Christian or Islamic prayer practices. Mainly due to Roy's efforts, Governor General William Bentinck made sati illegal through an act in 1829. In September 2006 representatives from the Indian High Commission came to Bristol to mark the anniversary of Ram Mohan Roy's death, during the ceremony Hindu, Muslim and Sikh women sang Sanskrit prayers of thanks. With a predominantly monotheistic populace following and it was perceived as fertile soil for Rammohun's message. In November 1830 Rammohun Roy left for England.