But after she got the throne, she chose masculine attire and became a noble and efficient ruler. And a life and death search to reunite with her one true love. Razia was an efficient ruler and possessed all the qualities of a monarch. Women have exercised limitless influence in some of the most unexpected places. She was dethroned because of the same reason as she wanted to take non-Turks to the important positions. God choose her to do His work after giving her a series of revelations, and training her by putting her into extremely difficult situations.
If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the project and see a. She could spend hours and hours praying to God, that is where God revealed Himself on her. Later, by means of political intrigue, Raziya broke up the coalition and eliminated the opposing nobles. Isami's history is noteworthy for its contradiction of Minhaj's account of Razia's death; in Isami's telling, the sultana fought along with Altunia in two battles before she was finally killed. Razia Sultan History: Razia Sultan History can impress the present women generation. Her tolerance of Hinduism would later bring her criticism from Muslim historians.
But their accounts have never achieved the authority of Minhaj's. Rukuuddin Firuz was a weak ruler and not concentrating on administration. Then Iltutmish took over the throne from Aram Baksh with the support of Amirs and Turkish noble families. Her greatest accomplishment on the political front was to manipulate rebel factions into opposing each other. But her relations with the Turkish nobles were not good. She had personally led the army to many places like Punjab and Multan.
She did not support purdah system anymore. Razia died at the age of 35 and the place of Razia's burial is a subject of discussion by historians. The Turkish nobility however thought it below their dignity to be governed by a woman. Every other chronicle of the times is based on Minhaj's history. Kabir Khan Ayaz, the governor of Multan and Lahore raised a standard of revolt merely on the issue of the alleged intimacy between Razia and Yakut which was derogatory to the pride of Turks. Razia Sultana, full of joy and reverence for the Lord could not stop praising Him for what He had done in her life.
Some people also say that she was buried where she died in the hands of the Jats. There is no record that she made any attempt to remain aloof from her subjects, rather it appears she preferred to mingle among them. Iltutmish was a person who had free thinking and was also an efficient ruler. However, the rebel later apologized and was given back the governorship of Multan and the province of Lahore was taken out of his control. It was historically important for her when she got the throne because the previous generations of her family, that is, her ancestors were not nobility. Razia and her husband died fighting against him in October 1240.
Razia had to face an opposing faction led by Junaidi, the former wazir of Iltutmish, and soon a coalition of slave-officers with a huge army marched on Delhi. Rumors about her close relationship with an Ethiopian slave, Jamal-ud-Din Yaqut, caused her downfall. As ruler, Iltutmish created history by becoming the first sultan to appoint a woman as his successor when he named his daughter Razia as his heir apparent. In the pay of gratitude, Qut-ud-din gave his daughter as the bride to the Sultan. This article has not yet received a rating on the project's.
She was a good ruler and respected the sentiments of other cultures, including the Hindu community. The ascension of a female to the throne of Delhi was much to the distaste of the Turkish slave-officers, and even the decisive victory against their first rebellion could not secure her position. They tried to save their lives but were killed in the year 1240 on October 13 th. This is why instead of her, her brother Rukn ud din Firuz took over the throne. At that point, Razia seemed destined to become one of the most powerful rulers of the Delhi sultanate.
Altunia and his fellow-conspirators lost no time to capture Razia who was entrusted with the care of Altunia and the rest of the nobles returned to the capital. The people of Delhi, in spite of their love for Razia, could do nothing against the Turkish nobles because there was none to lead the public movement. Ibn Fadlun gives a graphic picture of the deplorable conditions in the Viking slave ships. With Iltutmish's widow Shah Turkaan for all practical purposes running the government, Ruknuddin abandoned himself to the pursuit of personal pleasure and debauchery, to the considerable outrage of the citizenry. However, the second of her brothers, Muizuddin Bahram Shah, usurped the throne.
Razia reigned for approximately three and a half years 1236-1240 , and although she made important reforms in government, she was ultimately unable to reconcile her Muslim nobility to her ruling as a woman. To escape death, Razia agreed to marry Altunia. As her brother was lazy and engaged in sensual pleasures and failed to rule properly. These former slaves of Iltutmish ousted the various Tajik nobles from the administration mainly through organised massacres and became extremely dominant in the affairs of Sultanate until the reign of Balban. She was generous to all her subjects.
In accordance with the plan, Malik Ikhtiar-ud-din Altunia the governor of Bhatinda and her childhood friend, first raised a revolt. Casting a new slant on the historical debate, Zakaria points out that Altunia would probably not have married Razia if he had been convinced she had had an affair with her slave Yaqut. The main mission of templatesyard is to provide the best quality blogger templates which are professionally designed and perfectlly seo optimized to deliver best result for your blog. Her father was unmindful of the Islamic traditions and ridicule of the Ulema, nominated her to succeed him to the throne. After just six months, on 9 November 1236, both Ruknuddin and his mother Shah Turkaan were assassinated.