The next winter, Jem and Scout find more presents in the tree, presumably left by the mysterious Boo. Bob Ewell resurfaces in the section, stalking both Judge Taylor and Tom Robinson's wife. After this episode, Scout feels a little prouder of her father. Scout rudely asks him what he's doing and Calpurnia gives her a lecture in the kitchen about how to treat guests - even if they're from a family like the Cunninghams. The Cunninghams are farmers who don't have actual money now that the Depression is on. After three days of hedging, Jem's fear of Boo succumbs to his sense of honor when Dill revises his terms, daring Jem to only touch the house. He tells his children, also, that Tom Robinson has been transferred to another jail and that he stands a good chance of being pardoned if his case makes its way through the appeal system.
Radley Boo and Nathan Radley's parents. Heck Tate decides to keep Radley's involvement in Ewell's death quiet, and Scout walks Radley home. Their attempts culminate in a dare to Jem, which he grudgingly takes. The children amuse themselves by play-acting different stories that they are familiar with. His views seem like the adult version of his children's views.
Nathan Radley, whose brother, Arthur nicknamed Boo , has lived there for years without venturing outside. Scout starts school, and hates it. The implication is that young people intrinsically expect certain human freedoms and have a natural sense for freedom and justice, which they only become aware of when the adults in society begin trying to take such freedoms away. At the end of this fateful night, the sheriff declares that Mr. She relates the plot to the events that took place in her hometown at the age of 10 in 1936. One day Atticus catches them playing the game and asks them if it has anything to do with the Radley family. This is obviously where the title of the novel comes from, and it is a metaphor for never harming a person or thing that is innocent.
While returning home from the school pageant, Jem and Scout are attacked. The Cunninghams must keep the farm running in order to survive, and because the school system does not make any accommodations for farm children, there is a self-perpetuating societal cycle for farm families to remain uneducated and ignorant. However, Tom, Scout, and Jem, could also be considered mockingbirds as well. When Atticus drives into town the next night, Jem, Scout, and Dill sneak out after him. The Ewell children only need to come to school for the first day, and then the town will overlook the fact that they are absent, even though schooling is mandatory for all children. The time for the trial draws closer, and Atticus's sister Alexandra comes to stay with the family.
Despite the significant evidence pointing to Tom's innocence, the all-white jury convicts him. Jem says that he didn't say they were doing that, and thus inadvertently admits that they were doing just that. He gets along well with the black community-even better than he gets along with the white community-but his actions are passive. When Atticus insists they disguise it, Scout and Jem put Miss Maudie's hat on its head and her hedge trimmers in its hands. Though the other boys were sent to industrial school for punishment, and ironically received excellent educations, Arthur Radley's family preferred to keep him hidden inside the home.
She sees their rescuer, Boo Radley, standing in the corner of the room. After things settle down from the trial, Aunt Alexandra invites over some of the women from her missionary circle for tea. When he goes back to get them later that night, the pants are mended and folded. Atticus talks conversationally to the jury, telling them that the prosecution lacks substantial evidence. Radley, but Jem insists on going.
Jem walks with her to school and, on the way, their classmate, Cecil Jacobs, jumps out and scares them. Going into Jem's room, Scout sees the strange man standing there, and she realizes that it's Boo Radley. Rather than congratulating Scout on her knowledge, Miss Caroline believes Scout is being taught incorrectly and tells her not to read at home anymore. Scout sometimes goes with him, and she and Jem watch as Mrs. As Atticus leaves, everyone in the black community stands up in a gesture of respect to him. When she complains to Atticus that Calpurnia spanked her, she is reprimanded by him and taught a lesson in compromise.
Scout, unsure what's happening, runs over to Atticus, followed by Jem and Dill. Raymond, he seems optimistic about Maycomb, encouraging them to use their good judgment and see past skin color. The children are incensed by what they see at the trial, unable to believe that a good black man is convicted based on the testimony of some bad white people. They spend much of their time also discussing their phantom-like neighbor, Boo Radley, who is rumored to be crazy. Several practicing professionals have cited the influence Atticus had on their decisions to join law school or shaped their ideology during school days and afterward during practice. Scout tries to persuade him that it would be better to get whipped by Atticus than to be shot and killed by Mr.