The supporters of these Houses have their own arguments to advance. If a State Legislature passes a resolution by an absolute majority, together with not less than two-thirds of the members actually present and voting in favour of the creation of the second chamber and if Parliament gives concurrence to such a resolution, the concerned State can have two Houses in the Legislature. We have been following the same order of Parts and Articles in Indian Constitution in our posts. But the Council was required to give its opinion within the same span of time as the Assembly had herself taken. The special process of removal of the President before the expiry of his full term is called impeachment. It is also argued that the Parishads are usually not even progressive.
The Legislative Council of a state comprises not more than one third of total number of members in legislative assembly of the state and in no case fewer than 40 members Legislative Council of Jammu and Kashmir has 36 members vide Section 50 of the. If this so, then do we both houses any longer? One-third of the members of the Council retire on the expiry of every second year, which means, a term of six years for each member. The state of has higher autonomy compared to other states by virtue of. The term of office of the members of the committee is generally one year. Acting in his discretion, the Governor can even dissolve the State Legislative Assembly. Financial powers of legislature include authorisation of all expenditure, taxation and borrowing by the state government.
A very simple mechanism in Article 169 has been provided in the Constitution to all the states to take steps either to abolish their second chambers in case they have a bicameral legislature or to create a second chamber in case they have a unicameral legislature as the case may be. No minister can be a member of the committee except in the case of Select Committees on Government Bills. Power to control the Executive: Control over the State Council of Ministers is exercised by the State Legislative Assembly. Get information about Tripura Legislative Assembly. Income for the central government is from , , etc.
It is the highest platform where government policies or politics of the country can be discussed. The Bill is then sent to the President for his assent who cannot retain it. This is always a welcome relief for the Lower House. Article 172: Duration of State Legislatures. The Senate comprises 100 senators, two from each state. In all other states the legislatures are Unicameral. In case any half cooked measure comes up then at least Upper House points that out to the duly elected representatives of the people, leaving to them to accept the suggestion or not.
The state executive governor legislature legislative assembly council. Additionally, during National Emergency, the Parliament by law can extend the term of assembly for a period not exceeding one year at a time and not extending in any case beyond a period of six months after proclamation has ceased to operate. Unicameral national legislative bodies were set up in many European countries and several Latin American ones. Terms of office run for 5 years, unless the Assembly is dissolved prior to the completion of the term. In those three states, single-chamber legislatures were set up, but they were replaced by bicameral legislatures in 1789, 1790, and 1830, respectively. In case Parishads are abolished the taxpayer will be much saved and the money saved can be used for other useful purposes, including economic development. All Presidential appointments must have the assent of the Senate all treaties require its ratification.
So in my own terms, I would say Loksabha brings voice of the masses and Rajya Sabha gives articulation to those voices. After the Assembly passes the Money Bill, it goes to the Legislative Council which has to pass it or return the Bill to the Assembly with its recommendations within 14 days of the receipt of the Bill. The Legislative Assembly is an elected body. Then against the Councils it is argued that in these House scholarly or literary or social workers are not nominated. The legislative branch is one of the three branches of government. It can withdraw confidence from the government by passing vote of no confidence, and bring about the downfall of the Government.
He is responsible for the orderly transaction of business in the House. Because they wanted one house the House of Representatives to represent the people and the other house the Senate to represent the states. By contrast, the Senate was originally elected by the state legislatures, so it was intended to represent the interests of the states. While the office of the Chairman is vacant, the duties of his office are performed by the Deputy Chairman. The House of Representatives contains 435 representatives, with the number of representatives coming from each state reflecting the population of that state. Although the Continental Congresses and the Congress of the Confederation had been , the of 1787 decided that the new national legislature should consist of two branches in order to preserve the identity of the separate states, safeguard the influence of the smaller states, and protect the interests of property.
Twenty two States and Two Union Territories Delhi and Puducherry have uni-cameral Legislatures. The members of the Legislative Council are partly elected indirectly and partly nominated. There can be maximum of 250 members in Rajya Sabha 238 elected +12 nominated by President whereas in Lok Sabha there can be a maximum of 552 members. The system of composition of the Council as provided for in the Constitution is not final. Bills relating to subjects like compulsory acquisition of property, measures affecting powers and position of High Courts and imposition of taxes on storage, distribution and sale of water or electricity in Inter-state River or river valley development projects should necessarily be so reserved. The Bill is then passes by a majority of members of both Houses present and voting.
Most diarchs hold their position for life, passing the position to their children or other family members. The elders quite often quarrel with each other and do not provide much-needed calmness. The Council chooses from amongst its members a Chairman and a Deputy Chairman. Composition of Legislative Assembly The Legislative Assembly Vidhan Sabha is the real legislature even in those States that have bicameral legislatures. The Legislative Council acts only as a revising and delaying second chamber. The final power of providing the composition of this Chamber of the State Legislature is given to the Union Parliament. Every Minister and the Advocate-General for a State shall have the right to speak in, and otherwise to take part in the proceedings of, the Legislative Assembly of the State or, in the case of a State having a Legislative Council, both Houses, and to speak in, and otherwise to take part in the proceedings of, any committee of the Legislature of which he may be named a member, but shall not, by virtue of this article, be entitled to vote.
He continues to be the Speaker until immediately before the first sitting of the Assembly after the dissolution. A part of Parliament's time, called the Question Hour, is kept for asking questions to ministers about issues regarding their respective departments. The case of the American Senate, which was deliberately designed to enjoy greater powers than the House of Representatives, is quite exceptional. Certain constitutional amendments can be made by the Union Parliament only with the ratification by at least half of the State Legislatures. A key element of parliamentary democracy is that the executive Council of Ministers is a part of the legislature. If they are the people with the strength of character and also capacity to render service to the society they can do a lot of good to the society.